Background: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia(ELP) is a rare disease caused by the inhalation of oily materials in the alveoli with the pathological characterization by the presence of laden-lipid macrophages in the respiratory specimens. At present, the treatment norm for ELP has not well defined, and so the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of bronchoalveolar lavage in combination with glucocorticoids on children with ELP. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed 17 children with a confirmed history of exogenous oily materials aspiration, admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from June 2012 to December 2021. Clinical features, blood investigations, tomographic evaluations, therapeutic bronchoalveolar lavage and glucocorticoids use were carried out at the beginning of therapy and throughout a follow-up period. Results: The included children are the median age of 2 years. Fever, dypnea and tachypnea were the most common symptoms. The most common radiological features were airspace consolidations(15, 93.75%). Chest CT scans showed areas of consolidation with air bronchogram(15, 93.75%), Poorly defined centrilobular nodules(13, 81.25%), areas of ground-glass attenuation(11, 68.75%), and ‘crazy-paving’ pattern(6, 37.5%) in the both lower, right middle lung lobes. Neutrophil percentage of peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid exhibited a significantly higher than the normal range. After treatment with multiple bronchoalveolar lavages and local administration of budesonide during the hospital stay, taken by oral prednisolone(1~2mg/kg) after discharge,all of children became asymptomatic and presented normal radiological imagings in the follow-up period. Conclusion:The most frequently findings in the CT scan of ELP were consolidations and ground-glass attenuation in the both lower and right middle lung lobes.Multiple bronchoalveolar lavages in combination with oral prednisolone for children who had a confirmed history of exogenous oily substances ingestion was an efficient and safe for the clearance of oily materials from the lung and the prevention of fibrosis. This strategy contributed to reducing the damage of ELP in children patients.